Aquinas on the necessity of the consequence

“Notice from the beginning how St Thomas distinguishes the knowledge had by God from the knowledge had by creatures  God’s foreknowledge is a consequence of His providential guidance of the world, according to which he chooses and executes a plan for the world from all eternity. So God’s certain foreknowledge of future contingents is not like that of a predictor who has no or little control over what he predicts. Note that St Thomas alludes to Scriptural evidence for divine foreknowledge …”

From “Divine Attributes: Foreknowledge”, University of Notre Dame

An excellent, clear discussion of the difference between “necessity of the consequence” and “necessity of the consequent” (a subtle distinction).






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