Plato, the cave and knowledge – handout

“Glaucon interrupts the flow of conversation by asking Socrates how the ideal polis will be brought about. Socrates states that the smallest possible change that would bring about something approximating the ideal state would be the philosopher-ruler … There will be no end to evils until philosophers rule  or rulers turn to philosophy, for only philosophy gets at truth and knowledge and the rulers require knowledge. Two questions arise:

  1. What is this knowledge?
  2. How do the philosophers come to have it?”

From Introduction to Ancient Philosophy by Cathal Woods – Handout on Forms, Sun, Line and Cave


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